الأفعال الشاذة في اللغة الإنجليزية

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Most of the English verbs are conjugated in various tenses and persons, according to regular patterns:

  • Simple past and past participle: infinitive+ed:
      • want wanted
    • Exceptions:
      • "y" from the end of the infinitive turns into "i" if preceded by a consonant:
        • bury buried but stay stayed
      • "p" from the end of the infinitive will double:
        • stop stopped
      • verbs ending in "e" in infinitive, only add "d":
        • love loved
  • Present participle: infinitive+ing:
      • want wanting
    • Exception: verbs ending in a vowel, preceded by a consonant, will have the last letter removed before adding "ing".
      • move moving but dye dyeing
  • Present, 3rd person, singular: infinitive+s
      • He calls me every day.
    • Exception: "y" from the end of the infinitive turns into "i" if preceded by a consonant and we add an "es" instead of "s":
      • She applies what she learns.

All the verbs that do not follow the rules above in the conjugation of one or more tenses are called irregular verbs. There are about 200 English irregular verbs, many of them very common.

Most of the irregular verbs conjugate without following the rules in simple past and past participle.

  • There are irregular verbs that have the simple past identical with the past participle, both very different from the infinitive:
    • sell-sold-sold
  • Some irregular verbs have the simple past and past participle identical with the infinitive:
    • bet-bet-bet
  • They can change one or more letters within the root, in simple past and past participle:
    • sing-sang-sung
  • Others drop a letter from the root in the conjugated forms for the two tenses and add or not a "t" at the end:
    • meet-met-met
    • feel-felt-felt
  • Other irregular verbs modify the base form to conjugate in simple past and add an "n" to form the past participle:
    • drive-drove-driven
  • The past participle can also result by adding an "n" to the simple past:
    • speak-spoke-spoken

Although there are many irregular verbs in English, learning a few for each type of variation will help a non-native speaker know how to conjugate most of them.

ماضٍ abided/abode
اسْم المَفْعولِ abided/abode
ماضٍ arose
اسْم المَفْعولِ arisen
ماضٍ awoke/awaked
اسْم المَفْعولِ awoken/awaked
إعلان
be
ماضٍ was, were
اسْم المَفْعولِ been
ماضٍ bore
اسْم المَفْعولِ borne
ماضٍ beat
اسْم المَفْعولِ beaten
ماضٍ became
اسْم المَفْعولِ become
ماضٍ begot/begat
اسْم المَفْعولِ begotten
ماضٍ began
اسْم المَفْعولِ begun
ماضٍ bent
اسْم المَفْعولِ bent
ماضٍ besought/beseeched
اسْم المَفْعولِ besought/beseeched
bet
ماضٍ bet/betted
اسْم المَفْعولِ bet/betted
bid
ماضٍ bade/bid
اسْم المَفْعولِ bidden/bid
ماضٍ bound
اسْم المَفْعولِ bound
ماضٍ bit
اسْم المَفْعولِ bitten
ماضٍ bled
اسْم المَفْعولِ bled
ماضٍ blew
اسْم المَفْعولِ blown
ماضٍ broke
اسْم المَفْعولِ broken
ماضٍ bred
اسْم المَفْعولِ bred
ماضٍ brought
اسْم المَفْعولِ brought
ماضٍ built
اسْم المَفْعولِ built
ماضٍ burned/burnt (Brit)
اسْم المَفْعولِ burned/burnt (Brit)
ماضٍ burst
اسْم المَفْعولِ burst
buy
ماضٍ bought
اسْم المَفْعولِ bought
can
ماضٍ could
اسْم المَفْعولِ -
ماضٍ cast
اسْم المَفْعولِ cast
ماضٍ caught
اسْم المَفْعولِ caught
ماضٍ chided/chid
اسْم المَفْعولِ chided/chidden
ماضٍ chose
اسْم المَفْعولِ chosen
ماضٍ cleft/clove
اسْم المَفْعولِ cleft/cloven
ماضٍ clung
اسْم المَفْعولِ clung
ماضٍ came
اسْم المَفْعولِ come
ماضٍ cost/costed
اسْم المَفْعولِ cost/costed
ماضٍ crept
اسْم المَفْعولِ crept
cut
ماضٍ cut
اسْم المَفْعولِ cut
ماضٍ dared/durst (arch.)
اسْم المَفْعولِ dared
ماضٍ dealt
اسْم المَفْعولِ dealt
dig
ماضٍ dug
اسْم المَفْعولِ dug
ماضٍ dived/dove (US)
اسْم المَفْعولِ dived
do
ماضٍ did
اسْم المَفْعولِ done
ماضٍ drew
اسْم المَفْعولِ drawn
ماضٍ dreamed/dreamt
اسْم المَفْعولِ dreamed/dreamt
ماضٍ drank
اسْم المَفْعولِ drunk
ماضٍ drove
اسْم المَفْعولِ driven
ماضٍ dwelt/dwelled
اسْم المَفْعولِ dwelt/dwelled
eat
ماضٍ ate
اسْم المَفْعولِ eaten
ماضٍ fell
اسْم المَفْعولِ fallen
ماضٍ fed
اسْم المَفْعولِ fed
ماضٍ felt
اسْم المَفْعولِ felt
ماضٍ fought
اسْم المَفْعولِ fought
ماضٍ found
اسْم المَفْعولِ found
ماضٍ fled
اسْم المَفْعولِ fled
ماضٍ flung
اسْم المَفْعولِ flung
fly
ماضٍ flew
اسْم المَفْعولِ flown
ماضٍ forbad(e)
اسْم المَفْعولِ forbidden
ماضٍ forgot
اسْم المَفْعولِ forgotten
ماضٍ forsook
اسْم المَفْعولِ forsaken
ماضٍ froze
اسْم المَفْعولِ frozen
get
ماضٍ got
اسْم المَفْعولِ got/gotten (US)
ماضٍ gilded
اسْم المَفْعولِ gilded/gilt
ماضٍ girded/girt
اسْم المَفْعولِ girded/girt
ماضٍ gave
اسْم المَفْعولِ given
go
ماضٍ went
اسْم المَفْعولِ gone
ماضٍ ground
اسْم المَفْعولِ ground
ماضٍ grew
اسْم المَفْعولِ grown
ماضٍ hung/hanged (Jur)
اسْم المَفْعولِ hung/hanged (Jur)
ماضٍ had
اسْم المَفْعولِ had
ماضٍ heard
اسْم المَفْعولِ heard
ماضٍ heaved/hove (Naut)
اسْم المَفْعولِ heaved/hove (Naut)
hew
ماضٍ hewed
اسْم المَفْعولِ hewn/hewed (US)
ماضٍ hid
اسْم المَفْعولِ hidden/hid
hit
ماضٍ hit
اسْم المَفْعولِ hit
ماضٍ held
اسْم المَفْعولِ held
ماضٍ hurt
اسْم المَفْعولِ hurt
ماضٍ kept
اسْم المَفْعولِ kept
ماضٍ knelt/kneeled
اسْم المَفْعولِ knelt/kneeled
ماضٍ knew
اسْم المَفْعولِ known
ماضٍ laded
اسْم المَفْعولِ laden
lay
ماضٍ laid
اسْم المَفْعولِ laid
ماضٍ led
اسْم المَفْعولِ led
ماضٍ leaned/leant
اسْم المَفْعولِ leaned/leant
ماضٍ leaped/leapt
اسْم المَفْعولِ leaped/leapt
ماضٍ learned/learnt
اسْم المَفْعولِ learned/learnt
ماضٍ left
اسْم المَفْعولِ left
ماضٍ lent
اسْم المَفْعولِ lent
let
ماضٍ let
اسْم المَفْعولِ let
ماضٍ lay
اسْم المَفْعولِ lain
ماضٍ lied
اسْم المَفْعولِ lied
ماضٍ lit/lighted
اسْم المَفْعولِ lit/lighted
ماضٍ lost
اسْم المَفْعولِ lost
ماضٍ made
اسْم المَفْعولِ made
may
ماضٍ might
اسْم المَفْعولِ -
ماضٍ meant
اسْم المَفْعولِ meant
ماضٍ met
اسْم المَفْعولِ met
mow
ماضٍ mowed
اسْم المَفْعولِ mowed/mown
pay
ماضٍ paid
اسْم المَفْعولِ paid
put
ماضٍ put
اسْم المَفْعولِ put
ماضٍ quit/quitted
اسْم المَفْعولِ quit/quitted
ماضٍ read
اسْم المَفْعولِ read
ماضٍ rent
اسْم المَفْعولِ rent
rid
ماضٍ rid/ridded
اسْم المَفْعولِ rid/ridded
ماضٍ rode
اسْم المَفْعولِ ridden
ماضٍ rang
اسْم المَفْعولِ rung
ماضٍ rose
اسْم المَفْعولِ risen
run
ماضٍ ran
اسْم المَفْعولِ run
saw
ماضٍ sawed
اسْم المَفْعولِ sawed/sawn
say
ماضٍ said
اسْم المَفْعولِ said
see
ماضٍ saw
اسْم المَفْعولِ seen
ماضٍ sought
اسْم المَفْعولِ sought
ماضٍ sold
اسْم المَفْعولِ sold
ماضٍ sent
اسْم المَفْعولِ sent
set
ماضٍ set
اسْم المَفْعولِ set
sew
ماضٍ sewed
اسْم المَفْعولِ sewed/sewn
ماضٍ shook
اسْم المَفْعولِ shaken
ماضٍ shaved
اسْم المَفْعولِ shaved/shaven
ماضٍ sheared
اسْم المَفْعولِ sheared/shorn
ماضٍ shed
اسْم المَفْعولِ shed
ماضٍ shone
اسْم المَفْعولِ shone
ماضٍ shone/shined
اسْم المَفْعولِ shone/shined
ماضٍ shod/shoed
اسْم المَفْعولِ shod/shoed
ماضٍ shot
اسْم المَفْعولِ shot
ماضٍ showed
اسْم المَفْعولِ shown/showed
ماضٍ shrank
اسْم المَفْعولِ shrunk
ماضٍ shut
اسْم المَفْعولِ shut
ماضٍ sang
اسْم المَفْعولِ sung
ماضٍ sank
اسْم المَفْعولِ sunk
sit
ماضٍ sat
اسْم المَفْعولِ sat
ماضٍ slew
اسْم المَفْعولِ slain
ماضٍ slept
اسْم المَفْعولِ slept
ماضٍ slid
اسْم المَفْعولِ slid
ماضٍ slung
اسْم المَفْعولِ slung
ماضٍ slunk
اسْم المَفْعولِ slunk
ماضٍ slit/slitted
اسْم المَفْعولِ slit/slitted
ماضٍ smelled/smelt
اسْم المَفْعولِ smelled/smelt
ماضٍ smote
اسْم المَفْعولِ smitten
sow
ماضٍ sowed
اسْم المَفْعولِ sowed/sown
ماضٍ spoke
اسْم المَفْعولِ spoken
ماضٍ sped/speeded
اسْم المَفْعولِ sped/speeded
ماضٍ spelt/spelled
اسْم المَفْعولِ spelt/spelled
ماضٍ spent
اسْم المَفْعولِ spent
ماضٍ spilt/spilled
اسْم المَفْعولِ spilt/spilled
ماضٍ spun/span
اسْم المَفْعولِ spun
ماضٍ spat
اسْم المَفْعولِ spat
ماضٍ split
اسْم المَفْعولِ split
ماضٍ spoiled/spoilt
اسْم المَفْعولِ spoiled/spoilt
ماضٍ spread
اسْم المَفْعولِ spread
ماضٍ sprang
اسْم المَفْعولِ sprung
ماضٍ stood
اسْم المَفْعولِ stood
ماضٍ stove/staved
اسْم المَفْعولِ stove/staved
ماضٍ stole
اسْم المَفْعولِ stolen
ماضٍ stuck
اسْم المَفْعولِ stuck
ماضٍ stung
اسْم المَفْعولِ stung
ماضٍ stank
اسْم المَفْعولِ stunk
ماضٍ strewed
اسْم المَفْعولِ strewed/strewn
ماضٍ strode
اسْم المَفْعولِ stridden
ماضٍ struck
اسْم المَفْعولِ struck/stricken (rare)
ماضٍ strung
اسْم المَفْعولِ strung
ماضٍ strove
اسْم المَفْعولِ striven
ماضٍ swore
اسْم المَفْعولِ sworn
ماضٍ swept
اسْم المَفْعولِ swept
ماضٍ swelled
اسْم المَفْعولِ swollen/swelled
ماضٍ swam
اسْم المَفْعولِ swum
ماضٍ swung
اسْم المَفْعولِ swung
ماضٍ took
اسْم المَفْعولِ taken
ماضٍ taught
اسْم المَفْعولِ taught
ماضٍ tore
اسْم المَفْعولِ torn
ماضٍ told
اسْم المَفْعولِ told
ماضٍ thought
اسْم المَفْعولِ thought
ماضٍ throve/thrived
اسْم المَفْعولِ thriven/thrived
ماضٍ threw
اسْم المَفْعولِ thrown
ماضٍ thrust
اسْم المَفْعولِ thrust
ماضٍ trod
اسْم المَفْعولِ trodden
ماضٍ woke/waked
اسْم المَفْعولِ woken/waked
ماضٍ wore
اسْم المَفْعولِ worn
ماضٍ wove/weaved
اسْم المَفْعولِ woven/weaved
ماضٍ wept
اسْم المَفْعولِ wept
win
ماضٍ won
اسْم المَفْعولِ won
ماضٍ winded/wound
اسْم المَفْعولِ winded/wound
ماضٍ wrung
اسْم المَفْعولِ wrung
ماضٍ wrote
اسْم المَفْعولِ written